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Beach Cordia




Beach Cordia Information

English Name:

Beach Cordia

Common Name:

Beach Cordia

Scientific Name:

Cordia subcordata

Local Name:

Kaani

Name in Dhivehi:

ކާނި

Synonyms:

Cordia moluccana, Cordia orientalis


Kingdom:

Plantae

Phylum:

Tracheophyta

Class:

Magnoliopsida

Order:

Lamiales

Family:

Boraginaceae

Genus:

Cordia



Beach Cordia IUCN Red List Status

Beach Cordia Description

An attractive medium sized, evergreen tree that is capable of growing up to 15 m. Canopy is broad and dense and may spread 8 to 10 m across, often as wide as the height of the tree. Bark is brown or grey, shallowly fissured and flaky. Leaves are light green in colour, somewhat shiny, broad, egg shaped or elliptical with pointed apex and arranged alternately along the branches. Flowers are showy, large and funnel shaped and 2 to 4 cm long, with five to seven slightly wrinkled lobes. Flowers, which are short-lived, are scentless. They are present in clusters at the terminal ends of the branches or in leaf axils. Fruit is almost round or egg shaped, 2 to 3 cm long, green when young, brown, hard and woody when mature. Each fruit contains up to four or fewer delicate, white, narrow, small seeds.

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Beach Cordia Behaviour and Ecology

It is adapted to a variety of soils including sandy and clay soils to rocky limestone. It is propagated by seeds and cuttings. Seeds are very small and very difficult to extract and hence, whole capsule is generally sown. Fruits may be soaked in water overnight or up to two days after clipping off the end of the hard, woody capsule to accelerate germination. Germination takes place within three to six weeks and seedlings may attain 40 to 50 cm height in about six to eight months, which can used for outplanting. Seedlings may be grown in partial shade to get better results. Stem cutting is also commonly used in propagation. Heavy branches often develop low on the stem and branches are slanted and look crooked in very old trees.

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Beach Cordia Relationship with Human & Uses

Wood is soft but durable. Heartwood is dark chocolate coloured, often with dark streaks. It is finely grained, easy to work with, shrinks little and takes a fine polish. In the Maldives, timber is widely used for boat building. It is a good craft wood and is used in handicrafts. It is also used for house construction and house poles, which may last for more than 100 years. Leaves are used to colour fish nets and lines to make them less visible to fish. It is also grown as a shade and an ornamental tree. In a multispecies coastal bioshield, it can be planted behind a row of sea lettuce tree (Scaevola taccada), nit pitcha (Guettarda speciosa) and beach heliotrope (Tournefortia argentea) to protect it from direct aerosol salt spray.

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Beach Cordia Information

English Name:

Beach Cordia

Common Name:

Beach Cordia

Scientific Name:

Cordia subcordata

Local Name:

Kaani

Name in Dhivehi:

ކާނި

Synonyms:

Cordia moluccana, Cordia orientalis


Kingdom:

Plantae

Phylum:

Tracheophyta

Class:

Magnoliopsida

Order:

Lamiales

Family:

Boraginaceae

Genus:

Cordia


Beach Cordia References

  • Trees and Shrubs of Maldives by Ministry of Environment and Energy.